Oral surgery may be recommended for patients in a number of scenarios, from facial trauma to congenital defects to temporomandibular joint disorders. Often, a dentist will make a referral to an oral surgeon for interventions that are beyond the scope of general dentistry.
Oral surgery can be routine and completed in an outpatient setting, such as wisdom tooth extraction, or extensive, as in the case of reconstructive jaw surgery.
An oral surgeon will be involved in the following interventions:
Facial trauma – People may suffer a variety of facial injuries due to trauma, such as broken jaws and other facial bones and lacerations. An oral surgeon can help to restore the facial structures.
Reconstructive surgery – If a patient is born with some sort of defect in the jaw bone or one develops as a result of medical treatment, such as radiation for head and neck cancers, an oral surgeon can help to restore a complete structure.
Sleep apnea – An oral surgeon can design a custom mouthguard to be worn at night to stop sleep apnea, or surgery may be indicated as well.
Oral pathology – In addition to treating various oral health issues, oral surgeons are also often involved in their diagnosis by determining the oral pathology that is present.
Botox – You may think you need to see a plastic surgeon to get Botox injections, but with their expertise in facial symmetry and structures, oral surgeons are well-positioned to provide this treatment as well.